分分PK拾

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    农业农村部负责人解读《国务院办公厅关于加强农业种质资源保护与利用的意见》

    索引号: CD-721272 公开方式: 主动公开 所属主题: 政策解读
    文 号: 公开范围: 面向社会 发文日期: 2019-02-11
    【字体:

    开启农业种质资源保护与利用新篇章
    分分PK拾——农业农村部负责人解读《国务院办公厅关于加强农业种质资源保护与利用的意见》

    分分PK拾2yue11ri,《guowuyuanbangongtingguanyujiaqiangnongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongdeyijian》(jiancheng《yijian》)zhengshiyinfa。nongyenongcunbufuzerenjieshoujizhecaifang,weirao《yijian》chutaidebeijingyiyi、tichudexinyaoqiu、ruheguancheluoshidengxiangguanwentijinxingjiedu。

    wen: nongyezhongzhiziyuanzaibaozhangliangshianquan、nongchanpingongji、cujinshehuijingjifazhandengfangmianqidaoleshenmezuoyong?fenfenpkshiguonongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongdexianzhuangruhe?

     

    分分PK拾da: zuowu、chuqin、shuichan、nongyeweishengwudengnongyezhongzhiziyuanshixinpinzhongxuanyudejichu,shiyichuanxinxiyoushangyidaichuanjixiayidaidezaiti,shirenleishengcunbukehuoquedezhongyaoziyuanzhiyi。fenfenpkshiguonongyelishiyoujiu,zhongzhiziyuanjiweifengfu,zheixieziyuanshifenfenpkshiguonaizhishijiezuiweizhongyaodenongyeyichan。xinzhongguochengliyilai,nongyezhongzhiziyuanyouxiaokaifaliyong,nongyepinzhongbuduantuichenchuxin,nongyekejichixujinbu,liangshidanchanlvchuangxingao。nongyezhongzhiziyuandezuoyongzhuyaotixianzaisangefangmian: yishibaozhangguojialiangshianquandejichuzuoyong。fenfenpkshiguoliangshidanchanjiao1949nianjingzeng4.6bei,chuqin、shuichanpinchanliangzhangqijushijieshouwei,zhuyaodeyiyupinzhongdechixugengxinhuandai,ertupoxingpinzhongchenggongpeiyuyutuiguang,wubulaiyuanyuyouyizhongzhiziyuandewajueliyong。ershinongyekejichuangxindeyuantouzuoyong。zongguanguoneiwainongyeshi,meicilvsegemingdetupo,douyuanyuzhongzhiziyuandefajueliyong。fenfenpkshiguomeishanzhudengdifangpinzhongweiquanqiushengzhufanzhixingnengdezhengtitigaozuochulezhongdagongxian,wenchangji、qingyuanmajidengdifangzhongdewajueliyong,zeyunyulefenfenpkshiguodutedehuangyuroujichanye。muqian,liangzhongzaifenfenpkshiguonongyezengchanzhongdegongxianlvda45%yishang。sanshichuanchengzhonghuanonggengwenmingdezaitizuoyong。renleishehuifazhanshiyeshiyibunonggengwenmingdechuanchengshi。zhonghuaminzufaxian、xunhua、peiyuledaliangdenongyezhongzhiziyuan,zheixieyoushengmingde、huotaide、keyanxudezhongzhiziyuan,zaichuanchengzhonghuanonggengwenming、tuidongrenleishehuifazhanguochengzhongfahuilebuketidaidezuoyong。

    dangdeshibadayilai,fenfenpkshiguonongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyonggongzuoqudejijichengxiao。yishiziyuanzongliangchixuzengjia。fenfenpkshiguozhangqibaocunzuowuziyuanchaoguo51wanfen、chuqindifangpinzhong560duoge、shuichanzhongzhiziyuanjin2wanzhong、weishengwuziyuan23wanduofen,weijushijieqianlie。2015nian,guojiaqidongledisanciquanguonongzuowuzhongzhiziyuanpuchayushoujixingdong,xinshoujiziyuan5.2wanduofen。ershibaohutixichubugoujian。zhubujianlilezhangqiku、zhongqiku、baozhongchang、baohuqu、jiyinkuxiangpeitao,guojiajiheshengjixiangxianjiedenongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohutixi;guojiazuowuzhongzhikuxinkufenfenpkshiquanmianqidong。sanshikaifaliyongchengxiaomingxian。tongguozhongzhiziyuanjiandingpingjia、fajuechuangzhi,peiyutuiguangleyidapitupoxingxinpinzhong,fenfenpkshiguonongzuowuzizhupinzhongzhan95%yishang,chuqinhexinzhongyuanzijilvda70%yishang,shuichan、nongyeweishengwuchanpinjunyizizhupinzhong、zizhuziyuanweizhu。tianjinxiaozhandao、zhejiangjinhuazhudengyipigulaodifangpinzhongzaituijinquyutesechanyefazhan、dazaotesepinpai、zhulixiangcunzhenxingfangmianfahuilezhongyaozuoyong。jubuwanquantongji,jinwunian,tongguonongzuowuzhongzhiziyuanjianding、pingjiayuliyong,zhichengchanshengguojiakejileijiangxiangchaoguo12xiang,meinianxinzengjingjixiaoyi200duoyiyuan。

    分分PK拾fenfenpkshiguosuiranshizhongzhiziyuandaguo,danhaibushizhongzhiziyuanqiangguo,jinnianlai,fenfenpkshiguonongyezhongzhiziyuanmianlindetiaozhanyuelaiyueyanjun,jiaqiangbaohuyuliyongdejinpoxingyuelaiyueqianglie。yishiziyuanxiaoshifengxianjiaju。ziranshengtaixiadenongyezhongzhiziyuanzhongleiyushuliangxianzhujianshao,jiaotongbianlidiquzuowuyeshengjinyuanzhiwuxiaoshisudujiakuai,yixiechuqindifangpinzhong、jinhaiheliuyuyeshengshuishengshengwuziyuanshuliangchengxiajiangqushi,jixuqiangjiuxingbaohu。ershikaifaliyongbuchongfen。tongguobiaoxingyujiyinxingjingzhunjianding、yingyongyuyuzhongchuangxindenongyezhongzhiziyuanbudao10%,daduoshuziyuanshangweibeikaifaliyong,yikaifadeyeduotingliuzaichujijieduan,ziyuanyoushihaimeiyouyouxiaozhuanhuaweichanyeyoushi。sanshibaohutixiyupeitaozhengcebuwanshan。guojiatongchou、fenjifuzedebaohutixishangweijianli,ziyuanbaohuchengbenchixuzengjia,baohuzhutidonglibuzu;zhongzhiziyuanbaohukejirenyuandaiyudi、zhichengjinshengnan,liushiyanzhong,duiwubuwen。

    wen: jinnianlai,fenfenpkshiguoweiraoxiandaizhongyefazhanchutaiguoyixiewenjian,yuyiwangwenjianxiangbi,《yijian》zhongyounaxiexinyaoqiu?

     

    分分PK拾da: jinnianlai,guowuyuanxianhouchutaileyixiliezhichixiandaizhongyefazhandezhengcewenjian,youliqianghualezhongyedeguojiajichuxing、zhanlvexinghexinchanyediwei。cici《yijian》shixinzhongguochengliyilaishougezhuanmenjujiaonongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongdezhongyaowenjian,kaiqilenongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongdexinpianzhang。yinggaishuoshiyigejiguandangqianyouguanzhangyuandelishixing、ganglingxingwenjian,juyoulichengbeiyiyi。

    分分PK拾diyi,shixianle“sigeshoucimingque”。yishishoucimingquelenongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohudejichuxing、gongyixing、zhanlvexing、zhangqixingdingwei。ershishoucimingquelebaohuyouxian、zhengfuzhudao、duoyuancanyu、gaoxiaoliyongdenongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongjibenyuanze。sanshishoucimingquelezerenzhuti,jizhuguanbumendeguanlizeren、shixianzhengfudeshudizerenhenongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohudanweidezhutizeren。sishishoucimingquelenongyezhongzhiziyuanshishiguojiaheshengjiliangjiguanli,jianliguojiatongchou、fenjifuze、youjixianjiedebaohujizhi。

    分分PK拾dier,quelile“sidahexinrenwu”。yishitongguokaizhanxitongshoujibaohu,shixianyingbaojinbao。ershitongguodajianzhongzhiziyuanjiandingpingjiayujiyinfajuepingtai、jianlijiandingpingjiatixi,qianghuajiandingpingjia。sanshitongguochuangxinbaohujizhi、quedingbaohudanwei、kaizhannongyezhongzhiziyuandengji、fenfenpkshiquanguotongyidenongyezhongzhiziyuandashujupingtai,jianquanbaohutixi。sishitongguoshishiyouyizhongzhiziyuanchuangzhiyuyingyongxingdong、jianliguojianongyezhongzhiziyuangongxiangliyongjiaoyipingtaideng,tuijinduoyuanhuakaifaliyong。

    disan,chutaile“sidahanjinlianggaodezhengce”。zairencaiduiwufenfenpkshifangmian,tichuduizhongzhiziyuanbaohukejirenyuanjixiaogongzijiyushidangqingxie,kezaizhengceyunxudexiangmuzhongtiqujianjiejingfei;duizhongzhiziyuanbaohukejirenyuanshixingtongxingpingjia,shoujibaohu、jiandingpingjiadengjichuxinggongzuokezuoweizhichengpingdingdeyiju;zaiyongdiguanlifangmian,yaoqiudifangzhengfuhelianpaizhongzhiziyuanku(pu、chang、qu)yongdi,budeshanzi、chaofanweihuadingjinyangqu。zaicaizhengbaozhangfangmian,guidingzhongyanghedifangyouguanbumenketongguoxianyouzijinqudao,tongchouzhichiziyuanbaohugongzuo;xiandaizhongyetishenggongcheng、guojiazhongdianyanfajihua、guojiakejizhongdazhuanxiangdengyeyaojiadazhichilidu。zaijilijizhifangmian,mingqueduiyoutuchugongxiandedanweihegerenjiyubiaozhangjiangli。

    disi,tichule“sifangmiangenggaobiaozhunyaoqiu”。《yijian》guiding,jiangnongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyonggongzuonaruzhengfuxiangguangongzuokaohe;shenjijiguanduizhengceluoshiqingkuangyifajinxingshenjijiandu;duizaochengziyuanliushi、miejuedengyanzhonghouguode,yaoyifayiguizhuijiuyouguandanweiherenyuanzeren;jinggonggongcaizhengzhichidexiangguandanwei,yaozainongyezhongzhiziyuanguanlibumenjianduxialuoshihaozhongzhiziyuankeyanxiangmuchengguoyuxinxihuijiaojizhi。

    wen: muqian,zhongzhiziyuanbaohuzhuyaoyikaogejizhengfu、youguanbumenjikeyanyuanxiao,ruhediaodongquanshehuililiang,ranggengduonongmin、shehuizuzhicanyudaoziyuanbaohugongzuozhong?

     

    da: nongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohushiyixiangxitonggongcheng,shejibumenduo、zhutiduo,xuyaoquanshehuililiangguangfancanyuhezhichi。henduogulaodedifangpinzhong、teseziyuandoushizailaobaixingjiadefangqianwuhou、tianjianditouheshenshanlaolinlideyibaohuheyanxu。yixiedifangpinzhongdebinwei、zhenxichengdubuyayudaxiongmao。ranggengduodenongmin、shehuizuzhidoucanyudaoziyuanbaohugongzuozhonghenyoubiyao。xiayibu,fenfenpkshijiangcongsigefangmianzuohaogongzuo。

    yishitigaogongzhongrenzhi。dalikaizhankepuxuanchuanyukexuejiaoyu,chongfenliyongwangluo、baokan、dianshi、guangbodengmeiti,tongguoxiliekejiaopian、baokan、zazhi、kepuduwudengfangshi,kaizhanshipinzhanyanhejiangzuoxuanguandenghuodong,yindaoshehuituantihejicengqunzhongguanxin、zhichi、canyuzheixianggongzuo。

    ershiguligongzhongcanyu。zainongyezhongzhiziyuanpuchayushoujiguochengzhong,tongbukaizhanxiangguanchuantongzhishidiaocha、souji、zhengliyubaohu,guliqiye、shehuizuzhichengdannongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohurenwu,gulizhichigeren、shehuizuzhi、qiyedengdengjiqibaocundenongyezhongzhiziyuan,duiguojiaziyuanku(chang、qu、pu)meiyoushoujibaocundeziyuan,banfajiandingzhengshu,xingchengziyuandabaohudelianghaofenwei。tongshi,jiakuaijianlinongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohubiaozhangjianglijizhi,duizuochutuchugongxiandedanweihegerenjiyubiaozhangjiangli,jifacanyuziyuanbaohudejijixinghezhudongxing。

    分分PK拾sanshiwanshanshichangjizhi。jiakuaiguojianongyezhongzhiziyuangongxiangliyongjiaoyipingtaifenfenpkshi,zhichichuangxinzhongzhishangshigongkaijiaoyi、zuojiadaoqiyetouzirugu,zhichizhongchujingzhengxingpaimaidenghuodong,wanshanziyuandengji、fenfenpkshigongxiang、chanyehuakaifayoujixianjiedeliyilianjiejizhiheshichanghuayunxingjizhi,shixianyiyongcubao,zengjiacanyuziyuanbaohuheliyongdehuodegan。

    sishiwajueziyuanwenhua。weiraoxiangcunzhenxingdengguojiazhongdazhanlve,tansuogongzhongcanyunongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongdexinmoshi。gulijuyoudianxingminzuchuantongwenhuatezhengdenongyezhongzhiziyuan,yifashenqingshangbiao、dilibiaozhichanpinbaohuhezhongyaonongyewenhuayichandeng,shixiannongyezhongzhiziyuanzaichixuliyongzhongdedaogenghaobaohu。

    分分PK拾wen: 《yijian》tichu,yaozuzhikaizhannongyezhongzhiziyuandengji,zheishijiyushenmekaolv?weilairuhekaizhanzheixianggongzuo?

     

    da: muqian,fenfenpkshiguohaiyoudaliangdenongyezhongzhiziyuanfensanzaiqiye、keyanyuansuo、gaodengyuanxiao、shehuizuzhihegerenshouzhong,youyuquefaquanguotongyidezhongzhiziyuandengjiheshenfenxinxiguanlixitong,dailailebushaowenti。yishiziyuanjiadibuqing。sheiyoushenmeziyuan、zongliangyouduoshaobuqingchu。ershizhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongxiaolvbugao。yixieziyuanzhongfubaocun,fenfenpkshibuchang,langfeirenliwulicaili,yixieyouyizhongzhi“shenzangguizhong”,debudaoyouxiaobaohuhechongfengongxiangliyong。sanshixinchuangzhiyouyizhongzhixinxibuming。wufayouxiaobaohuchuangzhirenhefaquanyi,buliyujifazhongzhiziyuanchuangxindeyuandongli。jinhou,jiangzhongdiancongsigefangmianlaituidongzheixianggongzuo。

    分分PK拾yishizhidingdengjishishifangan。nongyenongcunbujiangzaishenrudiaoyan、guangfanzhengqiuyijianjichushang,tongchouzhidingquanguotongyidenongyezhongzhiziyuandengjishishifangan,mingquedengjizhuti、dengjifanwei、dengjineirong、dengjiliucheng、zhuyaojucuoyijijianduguanlideng。guojiaheshengjinongyenongcunzhuguanbumengenjushishifanganyaoqiu,fenleifencengcikexuequedingnongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohudanwei。nongyezhongzhiziyuandengjigongzuoyouxiancongquedingdebaohudanweizhankai,zaizhubuxiangkeyanyuansuo、gaodengyuanxiao、qiye、shehuizuzhihegerendengyanshen。

    分分PK拾ershibianzhidengjibiaozhunguifan。zuzhibianzhinongyezhongzhiziyuandengjibiaozhunzongze,binggenjuzuowu、chuqin、shuichan、nongyeweishengwuzhongzhiziyuandengbutongleixingziyuandetedian,fenwuzhongbianzhidengjijishuguifan,tongfenjiehe,baozhangdengjigongzuodekexuexing、guifanxing。

    分分PK拾sanshigoujiandengjixinxixitong。yanfanongyezhongzhiziyuandengjixinxixitong,goujianquanguotongyidenongyezhongzhiziyuandashujupingtai,shixiandengjiyonghuzhuce、ziyuanshenfenxinxidengjitianbao、ziyuanshenfenxinxichaxunhetongjifenxi、dengjiziyuanfabugongxiangdenggongnengdeshuzihua、xinxihua。

    sishigulichuangxinyugongxiangliyong。fenfenpkshizhichiqiye、keyanyuansuojiqitashehuizuzhidengdengjiqibaocundenongyezhongzhiziyuan,bingkaizhanyoutiaojiangongxianghefenfenpkshi,gulinongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohudanweikaizhanziyuanchuangxinhejishufenfenpkshi,guojiajiangjianlinongyezhongzhiziyuangongxiangliyongjiaoyipingtai,tongguojianquanchuangxinzhongzhiquanyibaohujizhiyushenfenxinxizhuisujizhi、jiaqiangquanyibaohuheqinquanjianguandengjucuo,zhichichuangxinzhongzhishangshigongkaijiaoyi、zuojiadaoqiyetouzirugu,jifazhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuchuangxinhuoli。

    分分PK拾wen: xiayibu,nongyenongcunbujiangcaiqunaxiejuticuoshi,laituidong《yijian》deluoshi?

     

    da: yishiquanmianbushu。anzhaogongzuotongyibushu,fenfenpkshijiangshishizhaokaishipinhui,xuexiguancheluoshi《yijian》jingshen,bushujiaqiangnongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyonggongzuo。tongshi,zaixiandaizhongyefazhanbujixiediaozujichushang,qianghuabumenjianxiediaopeihe,mingquegedigexiangguanbumenzhizefengong,zhidinghewanshanjutizhengcecuoshi,henzhuatuijinluoshi。

    ershiguihuayinling。nongyenongcunbu、geshengjinongyenongcunting(wei、ju)yaoanzhao《yijian》yaoqiu,jiehegedishiji,jishiqiantouzhidingnongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongfazhanguihua,xihuamubiaorenwu、gongzuojucuo、fuchizhengcedeng,qianghuaguihuayinling,qieshijiang《yijian》degexiangyaoqiuluodaoshichu。

    分分PK拾sanshixuanchuanjiedu。fenfenpkshijiangjinyibujiadaxuanchuanlidu,tongguokanfa《yijian》quanwen、zhuanjiaxiliejiedudengfangshijinxingxuanchuan,jishihuiyingshehuiguanqie,yingzaolianghaofenwei,tongshitansuokaizhanzhongzhiziyuanbaohuxuanchuanzhou、zhongzhiziyuanbaohujizhexingdenghuodong。

    sishituchuzhongdian。jinnianjiangyinongyezhongzhiziyuanpuchayushouji、baohudanweiquerenguapai、nongyezhongzhiziyuandengji、nongyezhongzhiziyuanhexinxihuijiao、nongyezhongzhiziyuanbaohuyuliyongfazhanguihuazhiding、nongyezhongzhiziyuanjingzhunjiandingpingjiahechuangxinzhongzhijiaoyipingtaigoujiandenggongzuoweizhongdian,youxutuijin《yijian》dequanmianguancheluoshi。

    wushihangshizeren。nongyenongcunbujiangqiantouxihualuoshi《yijian》deshijianbiao、luxiantu,jishichutaishishifangan,huitongyouguanbumenduiluoshiqingkuangjinxingduchadiaodu,duigongzuotuijinbuli、zerenluoshibudaoweidediqu、danweihegerenyaojinxingyuetanjiemian、tongbaopipinghuowenzezhuize,bingdingqixiangguowuyuanbaogaogongzuojinzhan,quebao《yijian》quedingdegexiangmubiaorenwuluodaoshichu。

     

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